Zeman samozřejmě kampaň vede, pravidla si určuje sám, upozorňuje politoložka Dvořáková | info.cz

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Zeman samozřejmě kampaň vede, pravidla si určuje sám, upozorňuje politoložka Dvořáková

Podle politoložky Vladimíry Dvořákové nemusí mít blok Andreje Babiše a Miloše Zemana dlouhého trvání. Ani jeden z nich totiž vedle sebe dlouhodobě nesnese podobně silnou osobnost. A pokud jde o kampaň, kterou Zeman dle svých slov nevede, upozorňuje na mimořádně mazaně naplánovaný vznik vlády, jehož vrcholem bude hlasování o důvěře těsně před prvním kolem prezidentské volby. Zeman totiž přijde Babiše podpořit projevem do sněmovny, což nelze podle Dvořákové číst jinak, než jako manévr, který má přispět k jeho znovuzvolení.

O menšinové vládě Andreje Babiše hovoříte jako o skryté koaliční vládě předsedy hnutí ANO a prezidenta Zemana. Co vás k tomu vede?

První věc, kterou si musíme uvědomit: vláda rozhoduje ve sboru, tj. nejde jen o jednotlivé resorty. Nemáme zde ani německý kancléřský systém. Ta vláda je buď jednobarevná (jedna strana) nebo koaliční (více stran), může být většinová nebo menšinová. Ale co je to za vládu, která je z jedné strany doplněná o tzv. odborníky? Jací mají ti odborníci politický program, priority, mimo svůj resort? Je to nesmysl.

Za další: víme, jak prezident ignoroval Poslaneckou sněmovnu při vytvoření Rusnokovy vlády, víme také, že určité osoby jsou zřejmě prezidentovi blízké, ostatně prezident Zeman „dodal“ Andreji Babišovi i šéfa úřadu vlády. Také kvůli ostatním politickým stranám, které po volbách plnily spíše roli komparsu, se velmi rychle oznámil závěr o menšinové vládě.

Jsme ale svědky dlouhodobé tendence, aby prezident mohl ovlivnit složení vlády, snažil se o to už i Václav Klaus. Inspirací spíše než poloprezidencialismus ve Francii je tu postsovětský prostor, který eliminuje vyvažování prezidentských pravomocí a fakticky z něj dělá klíčovou osobu exekutivy.

V čem spočívají nebezpečí takové vlády? V čem je jiná nebo nová oproti dřívějším vládám?

Už jsem to zmínila. Pořád jde nicméně pouze jen o tendenci. Na druhou stranu provokativní prohlášení typu, že vláda bez důvěry je plnohodnotná vláda (směšující formální procesy a legitimizační zdroje), jasně ukazují na toto směřování. Naší zemi neprospělo, že poslední dva prezidenti jsou bývalí premiéři, k funkci prezidenta přistupují jako k funkci premiéra.

Jaké důsledky může mít pro budoucnost české politiky blok, který spolu utvořili Andrej Babiš a Miloš Zeman?

Tento blok je podle mne dočasný a pragmatický, přičemž v tuto chvíli hraje větší roli Zeman. Babiš ale nebude hrát druhé housle, podle mne všichni čekají, jak dopadnou prezidentské volby a jaké alternativy budou k dispozici. Pokud vyhraje Zeman, nebude dlouho snášet vedle sebe silnou osobnost jako je Babiš a podobně.

Blíží se prezidentské volby. Miloš Zeman slíbil, že nepovede kampaň. Jak jeho počínání hodnotíte?

Kampaň zde samozřejmě je, jenom její pravidla si určuje sám Zeman. Třeba geniálně nastavené termíny – svolání Poslanecké sněmovny na poslední možnou chvíli, mezi demisí vlády a pověřením nového premiéra týdenní prodleva, další týden „státnická“ setkání s navrhovanými ministry, a nakonec dva dny před prezidentskou volbou vystoupení v Poslanecké sněmovně…

Co říkáte na to, že má Zeman už několik měsíců svůj pravidelný pořád na TV Barrandov, a zároveň odmítá chodit do politických debat se svými protikandidáty? Do jedné teď dokonce posílá svého mluvčího…

Snaha o kontrolu médií či vliv v nich ze strany určitých politicko-oligarchických skupin je zcela zřejmá již delší dobu a nejedná se samozřejmě jen o Andreje Babiše. Televize Barrandov je dlouhodobě využívána také proto, že si prezident může klást zřejmě podmínky, jak, kdy a za jakých okolností vystoupí…

Neúčast Zemana v předvolebních debatách má své výhody, zejména když se může dostat do centra pozornosti jinak a nehrozí tak průšvih, avšak má také své nevýhody. Dostává se tím trochu mimo diskurs kandidátů (ne že by nějaký příliš byl). Poslání mluvčího může být nicméně přece jen trochu riskantní. Kdo je tedy kandidát? Proč nemluví sám? Bude prezidentem Ovčáček? Kdo tedy vlastně za Zemanem stojí? I když je to asi promyšlené, nemusí to vyjít.

Ještě mi dovolte otázku k předsedovi hnutí ANO: jak podle vás dopadne kauza Čapí hnízdo a jak může ovlivnit hlasování o důvěře nejen aktuální, ale jakékoli budoucí Babišovy vlády?

Netuším, co a jak se dohodlo při hlasování o vydání. Současné hlasování to určitě neovlivní. To by musel OLAF napsat, že je vše v pořádku a to zřejmě opravdu nenapsal. Pokud jde o budoucí vládu, ve hře je v tuto chvíli mnoho neznámých.

Vše o volbách prezidenta ČR 2018 čtěte zde

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Politika, který vysvětluje smrt synů a dcer, si představuji těžko, říká Zelinka', imgCount: 8, type: 'wide gallery', url: 'https://www.info.cz/podcasty/insider/euroarmada-politika-ktery-vysvetluje-smrt-synu-a-dcer-si-predstavuji-tezko-rika-zelinka-42966.html' }, { id: 42968, date: '2019-09-17 16:34:00', body: 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perex: '

KOMENTÁŘ MARTINA SCHMARCZE | Komunisté si v 70. letech udělali průzkum o elitách. A zjistili, že i po třech dekádách likvidace buržoazie a protěžování dělnických kádrů pořád většina lékařů, právníků a inženýrů pochází ze „starých“ rodin. Třicet let od sametové revoluce si zadal veřejnoprávní rozhlas průzkum o české společnosti. A jedním z výsledků je, že právě elity nám chybí. Protože nám schází to, co dělá elitu skutečnou elitou: sociální a lidský kapitál.

', image: 'https://img.cncenter.cz/img/12/normal1050/436035-img-17-listopad-revoluce-narodni-trida-demonstrace-sametova-v0.jpg?v=0', views: 1204, title: 'Schmarcz: Bolševikova pomsta. Třicet let od sametové revoluce Česku stále chybí elity', imgCount: 7, type: 'wide gallery', url: 'https://www.info.cz/nazory/schmarcz-bolsevikova-pomsta-tricet-let-od-sametove-revoluce-cesku-stale-chybi-elity-42968.html' }, { id: 42958, date: '2019-09-17 06:30:00', body: 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perex: '

Jediný český soudce Soudního dvora EU Jiří Malenovský dobrovolně odejde k 6. říjnu příštího roku ze své funkce, potvrdilo ministerstvo spravedlnosti. Resort tak právě sbírá přihlášky jeho potenciálních nástupců. O funkci se možná přihlásí také dřívější lidovecký ministr Pavel Svoboda, kterého označil respektovaný server Politico v roce 2016 coby předsedu právního výboru Evropského parlamentu za jednoho z vůbec nejvlivnějších europoslanců. „Zvažuji to, ještě nejsem rozhodnut,“ uvedl pro INFO.CZ Svoboda. Zájem o tuto funkci naopak vyloučil soudce Nejvyššího správního soudu Zdeněk Kühn, který se v minulosti neúspěšně ucházel o funkci soudce Evropského soudu pro lidská práva.

', image: 'https://img.cncenter.cz/img/12/normal1050/4889556-img-pavel-svoboda-evropsky-parlament-els-v0.jpg?v=0', views: 1119, title: 'Kdo si řekne o půlmilionový plat a prestiž evropského soudce? Může to být Svoboda', imgCount: 5, type: 'wide gallery', url: 'https://www.info.cz/pravo/kdo-si-rekne-o-pulmilionovy-plat-a-prestiz-evropskeho-soudce-muze-to-byt-svoboda-42958.html' }, { id: 42970, date: '2019-09-17 19:30:00', body: 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perex: '

Slovenská vláda v úterý podle očekávání ustála hlasování o nedůvěře. Podle slovenského politologa Marka Rybáře bylo vyvolání hlasování nesmyslným krokem, neboť Slovensko se nachází necelých šest měsíců před volbami. Jaké jsou základní trendy, které mohou výsledek voleb ovlivnit? Navzdory roztříštěné a nepřehledné politické krajině na Slovensku Rybář indentifikuje tři základní politické proudy: sociálně-konzervativní, krajně pravicový a liberální. Maďarské menšině naopak hrozí, že nebude poprvé od roku 1990 v parlamentu zastoupena. A přestože je v danou chvíli více otázek než odpovědí, Rybář nevylučuje povolební alianci Směru-SD s některou z extremistických formací.

', image: 'https://img.cncenter.cz/img/12/normal1050/5926794-img-kotleba-slovensko-ls-nase-slovensko-v0.jpg?v=0', views: 572, title: 'Slovensko před volbami: Spojí se Směr s extremisty? Nastat by mohl i Zemanův scénář ', imgCount: 11, type: 'wide gallery', url: 'https://www.info.cz/svet/slovensko-pred-volbami-spoji-se-smer-s-extremisty-nastat-by-mohl-i-zemanuv-scenar-42970.html' }, { id: 42960, date: '2019-09-17 09:11:00', body: 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perex: '

Příspěvek šéfredaktora Konzervativních novin a zástupce ředitele Občanského institutu Matyáše Zrna na veřejném slyšení Senátu k petici „Za zachování práv bezúhonných českých občanů v oblasti legálních zbraní“ 17. 9. 2019: 

', image: 'https://img.cncenter.cz/img/12/normal1050/5013918-img-vrazda-smrt-krev-pistole-nuz-ilustracni-vrah-crop-v0.jpg?v=0', views: 451, title: 'Zrno: Ochraňme své právo držet zbraně. Žádný Divoký západ tu nenastane', imgCount: 1, type: 'wide image', url: 'https://www.info.cz/nazory/zrno-ochranme-sve-pravo-drzet-zbrane-zadny-divoky-zapad-tu-nenastane-42960.html' }, { id: 42935, date: '2019-09-17 06:30:00', body: 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perex: '

Sociální sítě Facebook a Instagram se pozvolna, ale o to výrazněji, transformují. Mark Zuckerberg totiž rozhodl, že motor jejich dřívějšího růstu, vzájemné udílení „lajků“, začne postupně omezovat, aby se ze zveřejňování příspěvků nestal hon za srdíčky a zdviženými palci. Zatím na zkoušku, v několika vybraných zemích, postupně se však novinka může rozšířit. Šéfka agentury WeDigital Andrea Hurychová v rozhovoru pro INFO.cz vysvětluje, že jde sice o krok správným směrem, není ovšem bez rizik.

', image: 'https://img.cncenter.cz/img/12/normal1050/5904913-img-facebook-lajky-lajk-socialni-sit-v2.jpg?v=2', views: 356, title: 'Soumrak lajků. Jak a proč velké sociální sítě začínají schovávat palce a srdíčka', imgCount: 1, type: 'normal', url: 'https://www.info.cz/strategie/soumrak-lajku-jak-a-proc-velke-socialni-site-zacinaji-schovavat-palce-a-srdicka-42935.html' }, { id: 42967, date: '2019-09-17 15:14:00', body: '%3Cp%3EMetnar%20also%20spoke%20about%20orders%20for%20the%20modernisation%20of%20a%20mobile%20hydrometeorological%20station%20and%20the%20servicing%20and%20repair%20of%20man-portable%20air-defense%20systems%20(MANPADS)%2C%20Jakub%20Fajnor%2C%20from%20the%20Defence%20Ministry%20press%20department%2C%20said.%C2%A0%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EThe%20LOV-Pz%20with%20an%20Iveco%20chassis%20is%20manufactured%20by%20VTU.%20The%20vehicle%20is%20a%20part%20of%20an%20artillery%20guidance%20system.%20It%20is%20to%20ensure%20the%20artillery%20reconnaissance%20of%20the%20battlefield%20or%20the%20search%20for%20targets%20and%20their%20location.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EMetnar%20told%20the%20government%20about%20five%20public%20orders%20for%20the%20deliveries%20of%20various%20components%20needed%20to%20assemble%20seven%20LOV-Pz%20sets.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EThrough%20them%2C%20the%20VTU%20wants%20to%20buy%20the%20Iveco%20vehicles%2C%20the%20Harris%20radio%20stations%2C%20the%20Bren-Tronics%20power%20systems%20and%20a%20guiding%20device%20for%20the%20arms%20stations.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EFajnor%20said%20the%20necessity%20to%20acquire%20the%20LOV-PZs%20arose%20from%20the%20concept%20of%20the%20Czech%20military%20build-up%20until%202025.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3E%22Within%20the%20required%20state%20by%202025%2C%20it%20cites%20the%20ability%20of%20the%20artillery%20to%20provide%20direct%20and%20overall%20fire%20support%20to%20the%20military%2C%20with%20the%20possibility%20of%20accurate%20finding%20and%20evaluation%20of%20targets%2C%20for%20which%20the%20equipment%20is%20used%2C%22%20Fajnor%20said.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EMetnar%20also%20unveiled%20the%20modernisation%20of%20the%20mobile%20hydrometeorological%20station%20Oblak%20(Cloud).%20This%20is%20a%20mobile%20container%20equipped%20with%20specific%20technologies%20and%20devices.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EThe%20VTU%20will%20modernise%20the%20container%20for%2016.5%20million%20crowns%20without%20VAT.%20The%20military%20will%20also%20ensure%20the%20life%20cycle%20of%2016%20sets%20of%20RBS-70s.%20Their%20manufacturer%20and%20supplier%2C%20the%20Swedish%20Saab%20Dynamics%20AB%2C%20will%20be%20in%20charge%20of%20four%20regular%20inspections%2C%20routine%20repairs%20and%20acquisition%20of%20spare%20parts%20for%2020%20million%20crowns%20without%20VAT%20until%202022.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3E(%241%20%3D%2023.461%20crowns)%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3E%3Cimg%20class%3D%22custom%20mGallery%22%20title%3D%22galleryObj%22%20src%3D%22%2Fimages%2Fspacer.gif%22%20alt%3D%2242967%22%20width%3D%22435%22%20height%3D%22335%22%20%2F%3E%3C%2Fp%3E', perex: '

The Czech military will obtain seven new Artillery Reconnaissance Vehicles (LOV-Pz), Defence Minister Lubomir Metnar (for ANO) has told the government. The Military Technical Institute (VTU), which will assemble the vehicles, will pay 195 million crowns without VAT for their components. On Monday, Metnar informed the government about five military orders.

', image: 'https://img.cncenter.cz/img/12/normal1050/5926429-img-lubomir-metnar-vlada-v0.jpg?v=0', views: 45, title: 'Military to receive seven artillery reconnaissance vehicles', imgCount: 1, type: 'normal', url: 'https://www.info.cz/czech-news/military-to-receive-seven-artillery-reconnaissance-vehicles-42967.html' }, { id: 42971, date: '2019-09-17 20:00:00', body: '%3Cp%3EE.ON%20has%20the%20same%20time%20schedule%2C%20E.ON%20head%20Johannes%20Teyssen%20told%20journalists%20in%20Essen%20today.%20There%20have%20been%20several%20bidders%20but%20their%20names%20will%20not%20be%20disclosed%2C%20said%20Teyssen.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EE.ON%20sees%20the%20prepared%20sale%20of%20innogy\'s%20Czech%20assets%20as%20the%20greatest%20concession%20to%20the%20EC.%20If%20possible%2C%20it%20would%20keep%20them%2C%20said%20Teyseen.%20Nothing%20changes%20for%201.6%20million%20Czech%20clients%20who%20need%20not%20fear%20they%20will%20have%20to%20look%20for%20a%20new%20energy%20distributor%2C%20Chalupsky%20said.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EThe%20Commission%20said%20today%20E.ON%20energy%20company%20may%20take%20over%20part%20of%20innogy\'s%20assets%20but%20it%20has%20to%20sell%20gas%20and%20power%20assets%20of%20innogy%20on%20the%20Czech%20market%2C%20for%20example.%20The%20EC%20approved%20a%20proposal%20E.ON%20had%20submitted%20to%20it.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EE.ON%20proposed%20to%20sell%20Czech%20assets%20and%20some%20assets%20in%20Hungary%20and%20Germany.%20If%20E.ON%20does%20meet%20its%20commitment%20and%20sells%20the%20property%20the%20Commission%20will%20approve%20the%20merger%2C%20it%20said.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EThe%20EC%20decision%20was%20criticised%20by%20competitors%20and%20consumer%20protection%20associations%20that%20fear%20that%20E.ON%20will%20have%20a%20too%20strong%20position%20in%20some%20markets%2C%20with%20energy%20prices%20to%20go%20possibly%20up.%20E.ON%20will%20supply%20gas%20and%20electricity%20to%20some%2050%20million%20customers%20in%20Europe.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EGermany\'s%20innogy%20is%20the%20largest%20gas%20distributor%20in%20Czechia%2C%20employing%20some%204%2C100%20people%20on%20the%20market%20at%20the%20end%20of%20last%20year.%20It%20also%20distributes%20electricity%20and%20heat%20and%20provides%20other%20services.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3E%22The%20approved%20transaction%20between%20RWE%20and%20E.ON%20companies%20will%20have%20no%20impact%20on%20the%20existing%20relations%20with%20innogy%20customers%20in%20Czechia%2C%22%20innogy%20Energie%20CEO%20Tomas%20Varcop%20said.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3E%22I%20would%20like%20to%20emphasise%20that%20a%20new%20investor\'s%20entry%20into%20the%20Czech%20group%20innogy%20in%202020%20will%20be%20prepared%20under%20supervision%20and%20guarantees%20of%20the%20European%20Commission%2C%22%20said%20Varcop.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EEuro.cz%20reported%20this%20week%20that%2C%20according%20to%20available%20information%2C%20CEZ%20group%2C%20Energeticky%20a%20prumyslovy%20holding%20(EPH)%20of%20entrepreneur%20Daniel%20Kretinsky%2C%20KKCG%20of%20entrepreneur%20Karel%20Komarek%20and%20Slovak%20firm%20SPP%20are%20prospective%20buyers%20of%20the%20part%20of%20innogy%20CR.%20CEZ%20spokesman%20Ladislav%20Kriz%20told%20CTK%20the%20firm%20would%20make%20a%20decision%20based%20on%20the%20sale\'s%20conditions.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EInterest%20in%20innogy%20was%20also%20expressed%20by%20Macquarie%20Infrastructure%20and%20Real%20Assets%20(MIRA)%2C%20a%20division%20of%20Australian%20financial%20group%20Macquarie.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3E%3Cimg%20class%3D%22custom%20mGallery%22%20title%3D%22galleryObj%22%20src%3D%22%2Fimages%2Fspacer.gif%22%20alt%3D%2242971%22%20width%3D%22435%22%20height%3D%22335%22%20%2F%3E%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EIn%20line%20with%20the%20EC%20decision%2C%20a%20group%20of%20investors%20led%20by%20MIRA%20is%20due%20to%20become%20a%20sole%20shareholder%20of%20innogy%20Grid%20Holding%20(iGH)%20which%20controls%20a%20major%20part%20of%20gas%20distribution%20in%20Czechia.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EMIRA%20currently%20owns%2049.96%20percent%20of%20iGH.%20It%20said%20at%20the%20end%20of%20April%20it%20exercised%20the%20pre-emptive%20right%20to%20the%20remaining%2050.04%20percent%20of%20the%20stock%20held%20by%20RWE.%20RWE%20said%20MIRA%20had%20paid%20some%20EUR1.8bn%20(Kc46.2bn)%20for%20the%20remainder%20of%20iGH%2C%20Reuters%20agency%20reported%20earlier.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EAustralin%20bank%20Macquarie\'s%20fund%20has%20a%2031%20percent%20stake%20in%20EP%20Infrastructure%20(EPIF)%2C%20a%20major%20part%20of%20EPH.%20Innogy%20also%20runs%20six%20gas%20storage%20tanks%20in%20Czechia.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EE.ON%20is%20buying%20innogy\'s%20assets%20under%20a%20property%20swap%20agreement%20with%20Germany\'s%20RWE.%20After%20completing%20the%20deal%20E.ON%20will%20focus%20on%20distribution%20and%20retail%20sale%20of%20electricity%20and%20gas%20and%20RWE%20on%20wholesale%20electricity%20production.%20RWE%20will%20also%20become%20a%20key%20player%20on%20the%20renewable%20market.%3C%2Fp%3E', perex: '

A new investor of a Czech part of energy group innogy will be known next year, innogy Czech Republic spokesman Martin Chalupsky told CTK today in reaction to an EC decision under which E.ON can take over some of innogy's assets if it meets certain conditions.

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